What is water filtration?

Although water softeners can get rid of some heavy metals along with hardness, water filtration systems are the best way to remove organic and inorganic contaminants (such as microbiological) and particulates (such as sand, rust and silt). Water filters remove impurities with a fine physical barrier, chemicals, or some other method to help clean water and make it suitable for drinking or other uses.

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What is water softening?

The typical ion exchange system (or water softener) consists of a pressurized mineral tank filled with water softener resin (sulfonated, polystyrene beads) that can remove hardness ions, positive charged, from water and replacing them with softer ions, negative charged, such as sodium.

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What is reverse osmosis and how does it work?

With the osmosis process, liquid can pass through a semi-permeable membrane, leaving behind various types of contaminants. Osmosis is defined as water diffusing through a semi-permeable membrane toward water of a higher concentration to equalize the solution strength. The ultimate difference in height between the two solutions is referred to as osmotic pressure. This natural process is responsible for providing living cells with water and nutrients. For osmosis to occur, two water solutions must have different concentrations. The water will travel to the concentrated solution from the diluted solution to dilute the more concentrated solution.

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What is ultraviolet (UV) disinfection?

UV systems expose water to light at just the right wavelength for killing microbes. It’s a way to kill bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoans and cysts that may be present in the water. The effectiveness of the system depends on the strength and intensity of the light, the amount of time the light shines through the water, and, of course, the quantity of particles in the water in the first place. The light source must be kept clean and the UV lamp replaced periodically.

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